The procedure on company formation in Saudi Arabia can last several weeks, being very similar to the procedure available in other countries. The country can become an ideal location for foreign businesses, as the local institutions, through the Saudi Arabian General Investment Authority, have created a legislative framework that accommodates the needs of foreign businessmen. Our team of consultants in company registration in Saudi Arabia can offer in-depth assistance on registering a company in Saudi Arabia with the local institutions.
|Types of companies||
– sole trader,
– private company,
– limited liability company,
– public company,
– general and limited partnership
Minimum share capital for LTD
|SAR 100,000 (approx. USD 26,000)|
Minimum number of shareholders for LTD
At least one shareholder is required for setting up a business in Saudi Arabia
|Minimum number of directors||1 director is required to start a business in Saudi Arabia|
|Resident director required (YES/NO)||
|Timeframe for registration (approx.)||
It takes around 2 months to register a company in Saudi Arabia
|Corporate tax rate||
Standard rate is 5%.
There are no reduced VAT rates.
|Shareholders annual meeting required (YES/NO)||
Yes, at least one annual meeting must be held no later than 4 months from the end of the financial year.
|Redomiciliation permitted (YES/NO)||No|
|Electronic signature (YES/NO)||
|Full foreign ownership allowed (YES/NO)||
Yes, full foreign ownership is allowed in wholesale and retail in Saudi Arabia.
|Access to double tax treaties (approx. number)||
Yes, to approx. 55 double tax treaties
|Tax exemptions (YES/NO)||
Non-resident companies and investors are not liabile for Zakat.
|Other tax incentives (YES/NO)||
Investors who open a company in the regions of Ha’il, Jazan, Najran, Al-Baha, Al-Jouf, and the Northern territory benefit from tax concessions.
Custom duty exemptions also apply to the import of raw materials and machinery that cannot be found in Saudi Arabia.
Selecting a legal entity when setting up a business in Saudi Arabia
Before starting the company formation procedure in Saudi Arabia, a national or foreign investor must first select a business form under which the enterprise will operate.
According to the local legislation, the following legal entities can be employed to start a business in Saudi Arabia:
- the sole proprietorship which is advisable for single entrepreneurs completing simple activities (it is mostly employed by professionals in specific fields),
- the general partnership company which requires a minimum number of 2 members,
- the partnership limited by shares company which also requires at least 2 members and up to 50,
- the limited liability company which requires at least 2 shareholders,
- the private limited liability company which is quite popular among foreign investors in Saudi Arabia,
- the public limited liability company which can be used for the development of large operations.
Based on these legal forms, other types of companies can be created in Saudi Arabia. Among these, foreign companies can establish their presence in this country through branch offices and subsidiaries. Also, limited liability companies can be used for the creation of holding companies in Saudi Arabia.
If you are a foreign entrepreneur and are looking for immigration to Saudi Arabia and how to register a company in Saudi Arabia, our specialists are at your service with a personalized consultation.
Register a company in Saudi Arabia
Setting up a business in Saudi Arabia implies completing several steps that must be respected by both local and foreign businesspersons. These are:
- choosing a trading name and reserving it (special requirements apply),
- preparing the incorporation documents in accordance with the type of legal form selected,
- opening the company bank account in order to deposit the share capital,
- filing the incorporation papers with the Companies Register in Saudi Arabia,
- obtaining the tax registration and VAT numbers,
- applying for the necessary business licenses and permits in accordance with the industry the company operates in.
Foreign investors can also register companies in Saudi Arabia’s free zones under very advantageous conditions. They can also rely on our immigration lawyers in Saudi Arabia if they want to move here.
Setting up a business in Saudi Arabia is not complicated or lengthy as long as the steps above are respected. With the help of our local agents who can partially handle the registration procedure, you can have an operating company in a short timeframe.
Compulsory registration requirements in Saudi Arabia
After deciding on the business form that will represent the company operating in this country, the investors setting up a company in Saudi Arabia are required to register the company’s trading name with the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. The procedure can also be completed on the institution’s website and the respective reservation is available for a period of two months. The following step will be completed with the same institution, by submitting the company’s statutory documents.
More specifically, the documents are to be filed with the Companies Department working under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. Further on, the investors will need to personally collect the company’s documents and then sign them in front of a public notary in Saudi Arabia. Our team of agents in company formation in Saudi Arabia can offer legal assistance on the main provisions that are usually included in the company’s documents, depending on the legal entity that will be incorporated here.
Another requirement is to publish the company’s trading name and a summary of the company’s statutory documents in the official gazette in Saudi Arabia, after the payment of a specific fee.
Foreign citizens interested in immigration to Saudi Arabia need working visas with residence permits in order to work in Saudi Arabia. The residency card obtained after arrival will also contain the work authorization, The candidate must hold a direct, one-year work contract with the Saudi Arabian company to qualify for a residence permit.
The trading name reservation
After choosing the most appropriate business form, the trading name reservation is the first step to complete in order to register a company in Saudi Arabia. The selected name must be unique and in order to ensure this requirement is met, one can propose three names for reservation (the desired one must be the first name on the list). Also, for enhanced protection, after obtaining the reservation, the name can be registered as a trademark.
Documents to prepare in order to start a company in Saudi Arabia
The papers that need to be submitted when setting up a business in Saudi Arabia are represented by the Articles of Association which are the documents proving the decision to open the company. These must be filed alongside the details of the shareholders and directors, but also the proof of depositing the share capital. A bank statement indicating the amount of money required for the respective type of entity.
After registering a business you will also need accounting support. By managing all of your accounts and records, our accountants in Saudi Arabia will help your business development while allowing you to focus on your core activities. This results in more timely and accurate financial reporting, as well as complete compliance with all the accounting and auditing regulations imposed by the Saudi tax authorities.
Share capital requirements for Saudi businesses
Compared to other jurisdictions, registering a company in Saudi Arabia has strict rules about the share capital requirements for each type of entity as it follows:
- the minimum amount required for a limited liability company is 100,000 SAR,
- in the case of a public company, at least 10 million SAR is required,
- in the case of a private company, the minimum share capital is set at 2 million SAR,
- for a general partnership company, at least 500,000 SAR is imposed on the 2 partners,
- for a partnership limited by shares, a minimum capital of 2 million SAR is required.
The only business form that does not require a minimum share capital is the sole proprietorship.
We remind you that our company formation officers in Saudi Arabia are at your service with personalized services, including related to immigration to Saudi Arabia.
The Premium Residency Program was introduced in 2019 by Saudi Arabia as a component of their Vision 2030 reform initiative. With the help of this scheme, foreigners can now live in Saudi Arabia without a sponsor. If you are interested in obtaining residency in Saudi Arabia through this program, you can get in touch with our immigration specialists.
Opening a corporate bank account in Saudi Arabia
The Saudi Arabia company formation stipulates that a newly formed legal entity has to set up a corporate bank account (under-formation bank account) for depositing the minimum share capital. Once the local authorities issue the certificate of registration, the bank account will be activated.
The legal entity should also be registered with the Chamber of Commerce, Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Labor.
Why start a business in Saudi Arabia
Doing business in Saudi Arabia is similar to operating in Western countries which is why it presents many benefits to foreign entrepreneurs. Moreover, from an economic:
- Saudi Arabia was ranked 62nd in terms of ease of doing business in the World Bank’s 2020 report,
- in 2020 it also entered the top 10 global business climate improvers,
- the creation of a company can be completed in around 11 days,
- the cost of registering a company is only 5.4% of the per capita income of an entrepreneur.
The industries in Saudi Arabia have greatly developed in the last four decades. The operating unit numbers in this country have grown from 206 in 1974 to 7,741 in 2016. At the same time, the invested capital rose from almost SR 4.3 billion in 1974 to in excess of SR 1.1 trillion in 2016. Also, the number of employees has grown from approximately 10,000 in 1974 to more than 1 million in 2016. Our company registration consultants in Saudi Arabia can help you set up a business in the Kingdom.
The non-metallic mineral industry in the Kingdom is the most developed one when it comes to the industrial unit numbers, with 1,623 factories. This represents 21% of the entire operating plants. The plastic manufacturing, chemicals and chemical products are also extremely developed here, registering around SR 532 billion in total finances, which is 50% of the entire finances of the local operating plants. The manufacturing of Coke and refined petroleum products industries, with SR 123 billion, represent 12% of the entire investment of the local operating facilities, as well.
The company’s managers are required to obtain specific permits (work permit, residence permit) and persons interested in the above-mentioned aspects are invited to contact our team of specialists in company registration in Saudi Arabia for more details related to the registration of a business form. You can also rely on our immigration lawyers in Saudi Arabia for guidance in moving here.